How is UPPSC different from BPSC in terms of exam pattern?

UPPSC stands for Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission. The UPPSC exam is a competitive exam conducted to select the candidates for state civil services. BPSC stands for Bihar Public Service Commission, and the BPSC exam is conducted to select suitable candidates for Bihar state civil services.

Both the exams are conducted in three stages, namely prelims, mains, and personal interviews. The candidates qualifying prelims are eligible for mains. The final round is the personal interview for the qualified candidates in the mains. Both UPPSC and BPSC exams mostly follow the same pattern. There are minor differences in the UPPSC exam pattern that should be carefully noted.

Prelims exam pattern for UPPSC and BPSC

Both the exams are objective. While UPPSC has two papers for general studies, BPSC has only one paper.

UPPSC General Studies 1 2 Hrs 150 200
  General Studies 2 (Aptitude, Hindi, English) 2 Hrs 100 200
BPSC General Studies 2 Hrs 150 150

The UPPSC Prelims Exam 1 and Exam 2 carry negative marking. For every wrong answer, 33% percent of the allotted marks for the question shall be deducted. While in the BPSC exam, there is no negative marking for the prelims exam.

Mains exam pattern for UPPSC and BPSC

The major difference between the main exam pattern for UPPSC and BPSC is that while the former has 8 papers, the latter has 4 papers for the candidates. The division of subjects and the allotted marks are mentioned in the table below for both exams.

UPPSC Hindi 3 Hrs 150
  Essay 3 Hrs 150
  General Studies -1 3 Hrs 200
  General Studies -2 3 Hrs 200
  General Studies -3 3 Hrs 200
  General Studies -4 3 Hrs 200
  Optional Paper -1 3 Hrs 200
  Optional Paper -2 3 Hrs 200


BPSC General Hindi 3 Hrs 100
  General Studies -1 3 Hrs 300
  General Studies -2 3 Hrs 300
  Optional Paper 3 Hrs 300

List of Optional Subjects for UPPSC and BPSC Mains Exam

UPPSC Optional Subjects

  1. Law
  2. Agriculture
  3. Botany
  4. Mechanical Engineering
  5. Civil Engineering
  6. Animal Husbandry
  7. Electrical Engineering
  8. Chemistry
  9. Psychology
  10. Zoology
  11. Medical Science
  12. Physics and Veterinary Science
  13. Statistics
  14. Urdu Literature
  15. Mathematics
  16. Hindi Literature
  17. English Literature
  18. Management
  19. Sanskrit Literature
  20. Geography
  21. Economics
  22. Sociology
  23. Philosophy
  24. History
  25. Political Science
  26. Public Administration
  27. Anthropology
  28. Commerce
  29. Geology
  30. Anthropology
  31. Commerce and Accounts
  32. Geology
  33. Defense Studies
  34. Social work

BPSC Optional Subjects

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  3. Anthropology
  4. Botany
  5. Chemistry
  6. Civil Engineering
  7. Commerce and Accountancy
  8. Economics
  9. Electrical Engineering
  10. Geography
  11. Geology
  12. History
  13. Labour and Social Welfare
  14. Law
  15. Management
  16. Mathematics
  17. Mechanical Engineering
  18. Philosophy
  19. Physics
  20. Political Science and International Relations
  21. Psychology
  22. Public Administration
  23. Sociology
  24. Statistics
  25. Zoology
  26. Hindi Language and Literature
  27. English Language and Literature
  28. Urdu Language and Literature
  29. Bangla Language and Literature
  30. Sanskrit Language and Literature
  31. Persian Language and Literature
  32. Arabic Language and Literature
  33. Pali Language and Literature
  34. Maithili Language and Literature

Personal Interview in UPPSC and BPSC Exam

UPPSC personal interview will consist of 100 marks while BPSC personal interview is conducted for 120 marks. The final merit list for BPSC is calculated based on 1020 marks, including 900 marks from mains and 120 marks from a personal interview. The final merit list for UPPSC is calculated based on 1600 marks, including 1500 marks from mains and 100 marks from a personal interview. The candidates are also tested for their general awareness, character, personality, general suitability, and intelligence.

While both BPSC and UPPSC are highly competitive, an organized study plan and proper understanding of the subjects can help clear the exam easily. BYJU’S Exam Prep is one pit-stop for all your queries regarding exam preparation, mock tests, study plan, exam pattern, and much other necessary expertise. Join the bandwagon and enjoy hassle-free learning.

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